class BasicHy

Model BasicHy

terrainbento BasicHy model program.

Erosion model program using linear diffusion, stream-power-driven sediment erosion and mass conservation, and discharge proportional to drainage area.

Landlab components used:
  1. FlowAccumulator

  2. DepressionFinderAndRouter (optional)

  3. ErosionDeposition

  4. LinearDiffuser

class BasicHy(clock, grid, m_sp=0.5, n_sp=1.0, water_erodibility=0.0001, regolith_transport_parameter=0.1, settling_velocity=0.001, fraction_fines=0.5, solver='basic', **kwargs)[source]

Bases: terrainbento.base_class.erosion_model.ErosionModel

BasicHy model program.

BasicHy is a model program that evolves a topographic surface described by \(\eta\) with the following governing equation:

\[ \begin{align}\begin{aligned}\frac{\partial \eta}{\partial t} = \frac{V Q_s} {Q} - KQ^{m}S^{n} + D\nabla^2 \eta\\Q_s = \int_0^A \left((1-F_f)KQ(A)^{m}S^{n} - \frac{V Q_s}{Q(A)} \right) dA\end{aligned}\end{align} \]

where \(Q\) is the local stream discharge, \(A\) is the local upstream drainage area,:math:S is the local slope, \(m\) and \(n\) are the discharge and slope exponent parameters, \(K\) is the erodibility by water, \(V\) is effective sediment settling velocity, \(Q_s\) is volumetric sediment flux, \(r\) is a runoff rate, and \(D\) is the regolith transport efficiency.

Refer to Barnhart et al. (2019) Table 5 for full list of parameter symbols, names, and dimensions.

The following at-node fields must be specified in the grid:
  • topographic__elevation

__init__(clock, grid, m_sp=0.5, n_sp=1.0, water_erodibility=0.0001, regolith_transport_parameter=0.1, settling_velocity=0.001, fraction_fines=0.5, solver='basic', **kwargs)[source]
  • clock (terrainbento Clock instance) –

  • grid (landlab model grid instance) – The grid must have all required fields.

  • m_sp (float, optional) – Drainage area exponent (\(m\)). Default is 0.5.

  • n_sp (float, optional) – Slope exponent (\(n\)). Default is 1.0.

  • water_erodibility (float, optional) – Water erodibility (\(K\)). Default is 0.0001.

  • regolith_transport_parameter (float, optional) – Regolith transport efficiency (\(D\)). Default is 0.1.

  • settling_velocity (float, optional) – Settling velocity of entrained sediment (\(V\)). Default is 0.001.

  • fraction_fines (float, optional) – Fraction of fine sediment that is permanently detached (\(F_f\)). Default is 0.5.

  • solver (str, optional) – Solver option to pass to the Landlab ErosionDeposition component. Default is “basic”.

  • **kwargs – Keyword arguments to pass to ErosionModel. Importantly these arguments specify the precipitator and the runoff generator that control the generation of surface water discharge (\(Q\)).



Return type

model object


This is a minimal example to demonstrate how to construct an instance of model BasicHy. For more detailed examples, including steady-state test examples, see the terrainbento tutorials.

To begin, import the model class.

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.values import random
>>> from terrainbento import Clock, BasicHy
>>> clock = Clock(start=0, stop=100, step=1)
>>> grid = RasterModelGrid((5,5))
>>> _ = random(grid, "topographic__elevation")

Construct the model.

>>> model = BasicHy(clock, grid)

Running the model with would create output, so here we will just run it one step.

>>> model.run_one_step(1.)
>>> model.model_time

Advance model BasicHy for one time-step of duration step.

The run_one_step method does the following:

  1. Creates rain and runoff, then directs and accumulates flow.

  2. Assesses the location, if any, of flooded nodes where erosion should not occur.

  3. Assesses if a PrecipChanger is an active boundary handler and if so, uses it to modify the erodibility by water.

  4. Calculates erosion and deposition by water.

  5. Calculates topographic change by linear diffusion.

  6. Finalizes the step using the ErosionModel base class function finalize__run_one_step. This function updates all boundary handlers handlers by step and increments model time by step.


step (float) – Increment of time for which the model is run.


Execute model.